Pehea e koho ai i ka mask no ka coronavirus?

ʻIke ʻoe i ke ʻano o ka maka āu e kūʻai aku ai no ka coronavirus
Nā mākaʻi lapaʻau, nā mea lapaʻau i nā mea lapaʻau, nā mea lapaʻau i nā mea lapaʻau, nā māka pale o ka mālama ola, N95, KN95, 3M, a me nā mea āpau e pili ana i nā inoa o nā mākaki, ua pīhoihoi ka poʻe.
Hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia nā ʻano pelekane maʻamau ma loko o kahi 6 ʻāpana e like me ke kūlana o ka hoʻohana
ʻO nā māka lapaʻau lāʻau lapaʻau, nā māka mālama palekana olakino, N95, FFP2 hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia no ka pale ʻana o nā keʻena olakino, hiki ʻole ke hoʻohana ʻia ʻo KN95 no nā keʻena olakino, akā hiki i nā poʻe maʻamau ke koho.
Pehea e koho ai i nā ʻano ʻano maka like ʻole? I kēia lā, e hoʻolauna wau iā lākou, e koho wikiwiki ʻoe i nā mea āu i kūpono iā ʻoe.

1.Medical masks / kahu mālama maka
ʻO nā masika lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā māka mālama ola pili i nā kūlana aupuni, ʻo YY0969, a ua hoʻolālā nui ʻia a hana ʻia e nā ʻenehana. ʻO kona ʻālamalama ka hapanui o ka lole ʻole-ʻili a me ka pepa kānana.
ʻAʻole hiki i kēlā mau mākaʻi ke hōʻoia i ka kānana i nā microorganisms pathogen a me ka lepo, ʻaʻole hiki ke hōʻea i ka hoʻopiʻi kānana ʻana o nā pōpoki a me nā pōpoki, a ʻaʻole hiki ke pale pono i ka hoʻoulu ʻana o nā pathogens ma o ka ʻōpū o ka hanu.
Hoʻohālikelike ʻia kēia ʻano ʻoiʻu no kekahi kekona o ka mīkini kaohi i nā ʻāpana lepo a i ʻole nā ​​aerosols. Hoʻohana nui ʻia no ka mālama maʻamau i loko o nā haukapila, a ʻaʻole maikaʻi loa ka hopena pale.

2.Medical hana kālai
Pono e hana ʻia nā masika maʻi lapaʻau e like me ka maʻamau o ka maʻi YY0469-2011. Inā kū ka hoʻokūkū o ka hui e hoʻokūkū a iʻoi aku paha i nā koi o ka YY0469, hiki iā ia ke paʻi ʻia ma ka ʻōwili waho o ka mask.
Ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka pale kākāhewa i ʻekolu papana: ke kīʻaha ʻana i loko o ka wai i loko, ka ʻaoʻao kānana waena, a me nā ʻāpana wai o waho. ʻO kona hopena kānana ma luna o nā mea hole ʻole i ʻoi aku ma mua o 30%, a ʻo kona waiwai kānana ma luna o nā mea maʻi e pono ma luna o 95 (non-N95).
He kūpono ia i ke kumu palekana o nā limahana olakino a i nā limahana pili paha, i hiki ke pale i ka hiki ʻana o ke koko, nā ʻōpū o ke kino a me nā splashes, a loaʻa kekahi hana pale o ka hanu. Hiki i nā mea lapaʻau nā maʻi lapaʻau ke pale i ka hapanui o nā maʻi a me nā maʻi a hōʻemi i ka hopena o ka maʻi o ke kaʻa ʻana i nā haukapila.
Hoʻohana nui ʻia ia i nā wahi olakino kiʻekiʻe e like me ke kauka lāʻau lapaʻau, nā mea noiʻi a me nā keʻena hana, me ke kumu palekana palekana kiʻekiʻe a ke kū nei ka pale ʻana i ka maʻi a me nā maʻi. Hoʻohana nui ʻia e pale i nā hoʻolaha o nā maʻi maʻi a me nā ea.

3.KN mask
Ua hoʻohana ʻia ʻo masks KN ka pale ʻana i nā palala aʻaole ʻole. E like me nā koi o ka paona GB2626, ua hoʻokaʻawale ka kānana o nā palu aʻa ʻole. Ma waena o lākou, ʻo KN90 ka ʻoi aku o 90% no ka mea no ka palahalaha ʻole i nā mea momona aʻe ma luna o ka 0,075 microns, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka 955 mau ma mua o ka 95% no ka huina ole o nā mea kānalua ma luna o ka 0,075 microns, a ʻo KN100 ka nui ma mua o 99.97% no ka mea no ka lāʻau o ka lāʻau ʻole i nāʻuole. nā micons.
ʻO nā koi o ka ʻano kāʻona KN no nā mea kānana o nā mea i hoʻopili pono ʻia me ka maka, ʻaʻole i pōʻino i ka ʻili a ʻaʻole hōʻino nā mea kānana i ke kino kanaka. Pono ka ikaika o nā mea i hoʻohana ʻia a pono ʻole e loli iki a i ʻole ʻia i ka wā o ka ola lawelawe.
ʻO ia mau kikoʻī mokika e like me KN, a me kahi pūʻulu KP, he aha hoʻi ʻo KP?
He KN ia no nā mea ʻona ʻole, a ʻo ka KP ka mea ʻala no nā ʻili lau. ʻO KP90 / 95/100 hoʻokahi like me KN90 / 95/100 ma KN.
Kūpono ka KN me KP masks no nā palu polū aʻaole ʻole i nā ʻaina polu e like me ka lepo, ka uahi, ka ʻū a me nā mea e like me ka hoʻoili ʻana o ka metra ferrousous, ka metallurgy, ka hao a me ka hao, coking, kūlohelohe kūlohelohe, hau, kūkulu, a me ka hoʻolaʻa ʻana. . ^ E Ha yM. (Nānā: hiki nō ke kapa ʻia he peʻa lepo)

4.Medical pale pale
ʻO ke ʻano palekana o ka mālama ʻana i Kina he GB19083-2010. ʻAʻohe ʻōlelo N95 o kēia mana, akā ke ʻano o ka pae 1, 2, a me 3 e hōʻike ai i ke kiʻekiʻe o ka hana kānana.
Hiki i ka pae kiʻekiʻe ke hoʻokō i nā koi o N95. I nā huaʻōlelo, e like me ke ʻano o nā pale palekana palekana e hoʻokō i ka paena GB19083, e hōʻea i ka hoʻokele filtration o N95 a me KN95.
ʻO ka ʻokoʻa ma waena o nā māka pale palekana a me KN95 he ʻoi nō nā mea mālama i ke olakino he "synthetic blood penetration" a me nā "koi kūlohelohe kūlohelohe." Ua ho'ākāka ʻia ka hopena palekana o nā luʻi palekana palekana i ke koko, nā ʻano o ke kino a me nā wai ʻē aʻe, akā ʻaʻole ʻike ʻia kēia mau ʻano KN.
No laila, ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia nā mākaʻi KN-type e like me ka GB2626 no ka hana lapaʻau, ʻoi aku ka nui o nā hana koʻikoʻi e like me ka tracheotomy a me ka hana tracheal e pale paha.
Pono e hui nā hanu maʻi ma nā haukapila i ke kiʻekiʻe o ka 1 a ma luna o GB19083. Hiki iā ia ke hiki i ka 95% filtration, a hiki iā ia ke pale i ka komo ʻana o ka wai.
Ma hope o ka ʻōlelo ʻana i kēia, e nīnau nō kekahi poʻe, he aha hoʻi ʻo N95?
ʻO nā ʻano nui o nā masks i kau ʻia ma luna, nā mea lapaʻau lapaʻau a me nā mea lapaʻau hou e hāhai nei i nā kūlana olakino, nā māka pale palekana a me nā kumu KN e pili ana i nā kuʻina o ke aupuni, a ma N95 e hahai i nā kūlike o ka US.

5.N95 maka
Hoʻopili ke kohu N95 ma ke ʻano kaulikeʻelima Amerikano NIOSH42CFR84-1995 (NIOSH National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health). N a hōʻike i ka pale o ka aila a me 95 e hōʻike ana i ka ʻike i kekahi helu kikoʻī o nā pihi hōʻike. ʻO ka kinikini zole i loko o ka mask e ʻoi aku ma mua o ka 95% haʻahaʻa ma mua o ke kumu pākē ma waho o ka mask. 95 ʻaʻole ia he uku, he liʻiliʻi nō ia.
ʻO ka kānana ka loina no nā palaloka non-o like ʻole, e like me ka lepo, ka wai ʻona, nā microorganisms, a pēlā aku. a me nā mea kīhī i ka wā o ke kaʻina hana.
Ua hōʻoia ʻo NIOS i nā wahi ʻē aʻe i anti-particulate mask e hoʻopili pū: N95, N99, N100, R95, R99, R100, P95, P99, P100, ka huina o 9 mau ʻano.
Nānā: N-ʻaʻole ka pale ʻaila, R-ke kūleʻa aila, P-ʻaʻa ka aila.
ʻO nā koina loea a me nā ʻano hoʻokolohua o ka pae ʻelua o ka mākaʻi KN95 a me nā mākeke N95 he like like, akā like lākou i nā paeʻāina kūʻokoʻa.
Ke hahai nei ʻo N95 i ka paʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, aʻo ko FFP2 e ukali nei i ka maʻamau o Europa.

6.FFP2 mask
ʻO FFP2 masks kekahi o nā European mask piula EN149: 2001. Hoʻohana ʻia lākou e adsorb aerosols maikaʻi loa, e komo pū ana i ka lepo, ka uahi, nā kolo hewa, nā mea ʻino a me nā mea make huamo, ma o ka mea kānana, ke āohi iā lākou mai loko aʻe o ka poʻe.
I waena o lākou, ʻo FFP1: ʻO ka hopena kānana loa loa> 80%, ʻo FFP2: Ka hopena kānana haʻahaʻa loa> 94%, FFP3: Ka hopena kānana haʻahaʻa loa> 97%. Inā ʻoe e hoʻohana i kēia ʻikepili e koho i kahi mask i kūpono no kēia maʻi maʻi, ka palena iki ʻo FFP2.
Ua hoʻokaʻawale nui ʻia ka ʻenehana kānana o ka maskī FFP2 i ʻehā ʻehā, ʻo ia hoʻi, ʻelua ʻāpana o ka lole i ulana ʻia + hoʻokahi ʻāpana o ka lole i hoʻohuihue ʻia + hoʻokahi ʻāpana o ke kuika ponoi ʻokiʻoki.
Hiki i ka pale pale FFP pale ke pale aku i nā maʻi a me nā huakini, me kahi hana filtration ma mua o 94%, i ʻoi aku ka kūpono o nā lā wela a palu a i ʻole nā ​​pale lōʻihi.

Ke nīnau hope, he aha ka 3M mask?
ʻO 3M masks e pili ana i nā huahana 3M āpau i hiki ke kapa ʻia nā māka. Hiki iā lākou ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia i nā pūlima ʻekolu: nā ʻūpihi olakino, nā pale meli hoʻolaʻa, a me nā lole mahana ʻoluʻolu. ʻO kēlā me kēia ʻano maka i kau ʻia ka pale ʻana o ka pale.
Hana ʻia nā pale mālama maʻi 3M i Kina a lawe ʻia. Loaʻa iā lākou nā waiwai pale e mālama aku i nā masika lapaʻau a me nā mea nānā aku i ka pale. Hoʻohana ʻia lākou i nā haukapila a hiki ke kānana i nā palupalu i ka lewa a me nā poloka o nā kahakaha, nā koko, nā ʻano wai a me nā mea huna.
Ma waena o 3M masks, ʻo nā mea e hoʻomaka ana me 90, 93, 95, a me 99 he mau maka koʻikoʻi maikaʻi loa no ka pale aku e pale i nā palala. Loaʻa ka 8210 a me 8118s i nā koi o ka pale o PM2.5 China. Inā makemake ʻoe e koho e hālāwai me ke koi ʻana o ka maʻi olakino e pili ana i ka maʻi olakino, koho iā 9010, 8210, 8110s, 8210v, 9322, 9332.

Ke ʻike nei ʻoe, ʻike ʻoe pehea e koho ai i kahi mask i ka wā o ka maʻi maʻi.
1, hiki iā ia ke koho i nā mea lapaʻau lapaʻau lapaʻau, e hoʻāʻo e koho i nā masop.
2, hiki ke koho i kahi mask me ka ʻole o ka hanu ʻana, e hoʻāʻo e koho i ka mask me ka ʻole o ka pale ʻana.
World hakakā ʻana! Kina hakakā ʻana


Nā hola mālama: Jun-28-2020